Nostr NIPS 50


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Search Capability

draft optional


Many Nostr use cases require some form of general search feature, in addition to structured queries by tags or ids. Specifics of the search algorithms will differ between event kinds, this NIP only describes a general extensible framework for performing such queries.

search filter field

A new search field is introduced for REQ messages from clients:

  "search": <string>

search field is a string describing a query in a human-readable form, i.e. “best nostr apps”. Relays SHOULD interpret the query to the best of their ability and return events that match it. Relays SHOULD perform matching against content event field, and MAY perform matching against other fields if that makes sense in the context of a specific kind.

Results SHOULD be returned in descending order by quality of search result (as defined by the implementation), not by the usual .created_at. The limit filter SHOULD be applied after sorting by matching score. A query string may contain key:value pairs (two words separated by colon), these are extensions, relays SHOULD ignore extensions they don’t support.

Clients may specify several search filters, i.e. ["REQ", "", { "search": "orange" }, { "kinds": [1, 2], "search": "purple" }]. Clients may include kinds, ids and other filter field to restrict the search results to particular event kinds.

Clients SHOULD use the supported_nips field to learn if a relay supports search filter. Clients MAY send search filter queries to any relay, if they are prepared to filter out extraneous responses from relays that do not support this NIP.

Clients SHOULD query several relays supporting this NIP to compensate for potentially different implementation details between relays.

Clients MAY verify that events returned by a relay match the specified query in a way that suits the client’s use case, and MAY stop querying relays that have low precision.

Relays SHOULD exclude spam from search results by default if they support some form of spam filtering.


Relay MAY support these extensions:

  • include:spam - turn off spam filtering, if it was enabled by default
  • domain:<domain> - include only events from users whose valid nip05 domain matches the domain
  • language:<two letter ISO 639-1 language code> - include only events of a specified language
  • sentiment:<negative/neutral/positive> - include only events of a specific sentiment
  • nsfw:<true/false> - include or exclude nsfw events (default: true)

Source: nostr-protocol/nips/ version: 61ed271 2024-06-07T11:53:06-04:00