A Comparative Analysis of SHA-1 vs MD5

SHA-1 vs MD5 Introduction SHA-1 and MD5 are both widely used cryptographic hash functions, each serving various purposes in the field of information security. This article provides a comprehensive comparison of SHA-1 and MD5, focusing on security, performance, and their susceptibility to quantum attacks. Background SHA-1 (Secure Hash Algorithm 1): Origin and Purpose: Developed by the National Security Agency (NSA), SHA-1 is designed to produce a 160-bit hash value. It has been widely used for integrity verification and digital signatures.